Niseko town 100 years history · memorial magazine

Kira Kaido
In November 2001, Niseko Town celebrated its 100th anniversary.

In Niseko town, in November Meiji 34, it separated from Makkari village (present Rusutsu village), and it began to have a town manager office in the Motomachi district now. Niseko town has developed, while the pioneering hoe was lost in the present Nishitomi district by the predecessors, confronting a number of difficulties under severe natural conditions.

Outline of Niseko town history

1. Niseko's prehistoric era

The remains of the Old Stone Age (Note 1) and the Jomon Period (Note 2) are left in the town. The Paleolithic Age is the final stage of the Ice Age, and the strait around Hokkaido is in a state where parts of land are connected, so it is considered that people have moved in search of food.

In the Jomon period, the climate also approaches the present state, and the lifestyle changes from the past lovely life to the settlement life. At this time, people seemed to have lived in the hills of the Rishiribagawa and many other ruins such as earthenware and arrowheads are left.

Things about prehistoric times are revealed from ruins. However, the records from the Middle Ages (Kamakura, Muromachi era) to the late stage of the Edo era that the Ainu race society and culture was supposed to have been formed have not been found and the actual state remains unknown.
Note 1: The age of more than 13,000 years ago, making tools that mainly use stone, which used to live everyday life on a daily basis
Note 2: The period from 12,000 years ago to 2,300 years ago that used earthenware as a container and had various cultural structures

2. Niseko from the Edo period to the middle of the Meiji Period

Niseko from the Edo period to the middle of the Meiji Period

Niseko town is located in the area called "Shimpisu", but this name was adopted by the pioneer Takeshiro Matsuura in 1869, in Meiji 2 (1869) and was attached.
Matsuura has been investigating the watershed of the Shiribetsu River twice at the end of the Tokugawa period, considering the Sibevetsu Mountain (current Mt. Yotei) flowing in the center of this region in the middle of this region as the backward woof of "Nihon Shoki" (Note) I made this region's country name "Shiso".
Early in Edo, the river flowed upstream from the vicinity of Niseko town, it seems there was no settlement of the Ainu because fishing was difficult because it was difficult. However, it seems that the Ainu has come to work in the fishing season as it becomes easy to know that resources are abundant in this basin.

Note: Japan 's secretary is Japan' s first emperor 's history book, completed in 720. When Abe Rikao who was a national guard of the Hokuriku region conquered Ezo led by the water army, it is said that the administrative agency has set up the "back yawun" (administrative agency) in accordance with the opinions of the two Ezo, and placed the county officials.

3. Pioneering period

Agricultural scenery in pioneering period

In the Meiji 27, the land which had become an imperial premises forest was put into a national forest. This made it possible to develop. In 1896 the setting of the landscape was done and the hoes of cultivation entered.

Unlike other areas in Niseko Town, there is a characteristic that development has advanced by farms and group settlers invested by Honshu capitalists. Among them, the famous farm nationwide is "Arishima Farm".
Arishima Farm is a farm where Takeshi Arishima (father of Mr. Takeo) got warheaded in the unpublished area and cleared up in Meiji 32. This farm was accepted by Meiji in 1968, but declared free opening of the farm in 1911 and gave agricultural land free of charge to peasants. Peasants organized the "Kanta Symbiosis Farming Usage Association" and managed all the farm facilities as shared property. This will be continued until the Act on Special Measures for the Establishment of Self-Establishment in 1954 was enforced. This act gave a great reaction to the society at that time.

Four. Administration

Since around 1880, Karatamura (now Niseko Town) was regarded as an undisclosed area of ​​Makkari village, it was necessary to go to Makikari village for all office work including family registering affairs.

In the Meiji 34 era, the movement of the residents who wanted the village became active, and the first inhabitants' meeting was held on 17th September. On October 16 of the same year, a public notice of the village was issued from Hokkaido, and it was decided to recognize the village in a short time. There were 308 units in those days. The doorship office was placed in Motomachi.
After that, the population grew steadily, and in the Meiji era 44, 1,451 households had swelled up to 7,446 people. Although the population has been maintained at 8,000 by 1965, the outflow of the population continued as the young people flowing out to the cities and farming due to successor difficulties increased. Current population is around 4,600 people.

Regarding the amendment of the town name, there was also movement in 1964, but as a result it ended in failure, with the second exercise Showa 39, the second katakana town "Niseko town" nationwide is born It was decided.

Here, only the overview is posted. For details, please see "Niseko town centennial history".

Sales of town history

"Niseko town hundred year history" was greatly improved from "Niseko town history" published in 20 years ago in 80 years ago, so it became an upper and lower volume set.

In town, we sell this "Niseko town centennial history". Everyone living in the town can also purchase.

- Price price 2,000 yen (upper and lower volume set, including tax)

How to buyYou can purchase it at townspeople living section townspeople life staff.
In the case of mailing· Please send us the price (2,000 yen × purchase number of copies) by postal money order.
Please send along with the one you wrote the number of purchased copies, address, name, telephone number when sending.
· In addition, the sending method will be sent by courier COD. Please bear only shipping fee.
inquiryPlease contact the townspeople living section townspeople life staff.
Town citizen life department townspeople life staff
Phone number: 0136-44-2121

Niseko Town Opening Hundred Years Commemorative Magazine

Niseko Town Opening Hundred Years Commemorative Magazine

This memorable magazine consists of five themes, "100th year's heart", "100th year family", "100th year's word", "100th year landscape" and "100th year's dream" It has been devised to allow you to enjoy using a lot of pictures and diagrams, etc. so that everyone can see with eyes, for ease of understanding.
In addition, people who contributed to town planning (people), industries that supported the smile of the area (industrial version) seeking a life to interchange (living edition), sports and culture nurtured in nature and culture (nature · art · Culture · Sports Edition), expressing the flow of 100 years as easy to understand and summarized it. We would be grateful if you could read it. The photo of the cover of the commemorative magazine was taken of the flowers of potatoes.
  • The Niseko town opening 100th anniversary magazine sold out.
  • The memorial magazine can be seen in the Niseko town learning exchange center "Asobuku".
  • The history of Niseko town continues to sell.

Inquiries regarding information on this page

Niseko Town Hall