Lifesaving training

What is AED

What is AED?

AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) is an abbreviation of "Automated external defibrillator" in Japanese.
It is often easier to remember that it is "AED" than "Automatic external defibrillator" as the marker indicating the location of AED is often written as "AED".

What is it for?

AED is a treatment device for returning the rhythm of the heart of "a person who has suddenly stopped and collapsed" to the correct rhythm by giving an electric shock to the heart and to revive.

There are dangerous arrhythmias, heart ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia that cause muscles of the heart to cause cramping and blood can not be delivered to the whole body from the heart as a cause of cardiac arrest that "suddenly the heart stops". The machine that gives an electric shock to this ventricular fibrillation (called defibrillation) is AED.
Ventricular fibrillation is a very dangerous arrhythmia, such as acute myocardial infarction and cardiac shaking when the ball strikes the chest and develops, it is very dangerous arrhythmia, it can only be treated with AED. There are other causes of cardiac arrest than ventricular fibrillation, but in this case the AED is not valid. The judgment of whether the ventricular fibrillation or not is done by AED in "automatic" manner.

Is AED valid for all those who have had cardiac arrest?

It is not necessarily effective for everyone who collapsed suddenly due to cardiac arrest. AED works only for cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation.
However, I do not know whether a fallen person is ventricular fibrillation unless AED is worn. If the AED does not work, please follow artificial respiration, cardiopulmonary resuscitation of cardiac massage according to AED instructions.

Why are AEDs installed in towns such as airports, stations and town buildings?

Starting treatment after waiting for the arrival of a doctor or paramedics can not save lives of many who collapsed.

Many people who need an electric shock at AED cause arrhythmia called ventricular fibrillation, and the circulation in the body is not maintained with the heart trembling.
Approximately 90% of people will be saved if defibrillation succeeds in 1 minute after ventricular fibrillation, but in 2 minutes people who will help will be reduced to about 80%. In this way, every time the time from ventricular fibrillation to defibrillation is delayed by 1 minute, the number of people who can save 7 to 10% decreases.

In Japan, it is said that the average time from emergency request 119 to arrival of emergency personnel is about 6.2 minutes. If it is assumed that the time from the discovery of a place where a person falls down to the 119th emergency request is 2 minutes, the time from the occurrence of ventricular fibrillation to the arrival of the emergency room will already exceed 8 minutes. Furthermore, if it takes one minute to install the device for defibrillation, it means that 9 minutes have elapsed since the occurrence of ventricular fibrillation, the possibility of life saving at this time was reduced to about 10% I will.
In other words, it can be said that it is quite difficult to help him, unless you see a collapsed person defibrillating with AED on the spot.

Can anyone use AED?

From July 2004 citizens can also use AED.

However, in order to correctly use AED, we need to know how to use it, I think that it is good to receive "AED workshop".
The Japanese Red Cross Society and the fire department are offering classes on cardiopulmonary resuscitation including AED usage. Please contact the nearest Japanese red and fire department.

What kind of place is the AED installed?

It is installed in places where unspecified people such as airports, stations, and halls go in and out.
It is thought that the installation site of AED will increase more and more in the future, but please refer to the installation location list of this website for details.

What is the mark (logo mark) indicating the AED installation place?

Although there is not unified as a landmark of AED, the AED manufacturing company and the establishment organization use marks devised in an easy-to-understand manner as shown in the figure below.
There are also places of a sticker showing that it is a facility that has installed AED for each municipality at a place where it is noticed.

Aiming for a safe and secure city

Sudden cardiac death is increasing every year. Actually, Japan has a large population of AED per population so far as to be called AED big country, but the life-saving rate by AED is still low. Lifesaving of cardiac arrest that the rapidity of treatment in seconds is directly linked to survival rate. Effective installation of AED and dissemination of correct lifesaving method are required.
Now in Japan, death due to sudden cardiac arrest outside the hospital, sudden death of so - called, is about 68,000 per year. That number is more than 15 times the number of traffic fatalities (4,411 in 2012), and more than 180 people are suddenly lost their lives every day by simple calculation.

ILocation

Please see the following documents for the main locations of Niseko Town.

First Aid Course Classes and Course Content

Course typeLesson timeCourse guideDelivery of certificate etc.
Introduction to life-saving course90 minutes· You can learn how to use chest compressions and AED for adults in a short time.
· Introduction to first aid
Participation certificate
Normal life support class 1 (ordinary course)3 hours (half day)· Learn how to use cardiopulmonary resuscitation (chest compressions / artificial respiration) and AED for adults · how to stop bleeding.Certificate of completion
Normal life support class 2 (ordinary course)4 hours (half day)- Writing to the ordinary life-saving course 1 - Practical examination will be added.Certificate of completion
Normal life saving course 3 (childhood infant course)3 hours (half day)· Learn cardio pulmonary resuscitation (chest compressions / artificial respiration) for children and infants, usage of AED, hemostasis method and others.
· I recommend it to those with many opportunities to contact infants and infants.
Certificate of completion
Advanced Lifesaving Seminar (Advanced Course)8 hours (1 day)· Learn about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (chest compression and artificial respiration) for adults, children, infants, usage of AED, hemostasis method, victim management and delivery method.
· There are writing tests and practical tests.
Certificate of completion
Emergency allowance extension work class (instructor course)24 hours (3 days)· For those who intend to disseminate first aid, they are eligible. (Certain certificates may be revoked if there is no activity history as a first-aid extension worker for a certain period of time.)
· For those who took more than an ordinary life-saving course.
· You can learn basic knowledge and skills of first aid, handling guidelines for basic medical equipment and materials, guidance techniques of instructional techniques and workshops.
· There are writing tests and practical tests.
· You can plan and implement ordinary life saving course yourself. Also, you can issue a certificate of completion to the student.
Certification
First-aid extension worker training lecture (only those who have first aid extension worker's certificate)3 hours (half day)· First aid courses It is a course targeting only those who have a certificate of extension extension.N

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Inquiries regarding information on this page

Mt. Yotei Firefighting Association Niseko Department emergency staff
TEL:0136-44-2354
FAX:0136-44-2866